Introduction to the Medical Laboratory (Self-Paced Tutorial)


This self-paced course will introduce you to working in a medical laboratory. You will learn how to perform common tests in each laboratory department, as well as specimen collection, handling, and processing. You will gain also key skills for working with laboratory instruments and computer systems and how they work with laboratory professionals to improve quality and efficiency.

Enrollment Options:

3 Months Access Course Code: T9824
No Instructor, Start Anytime



Enroll before 31th May and get high quality lamination on your hardcopy certificate absolutely free! Use your certificate to your advantage by showing your certified credentials to prospective employers and recruiters.


Introduction to the Medical Laboratory

In this lesson, you'll discover that the information provided by the medical laboratory has a profound impact on patient care. You will start building your foundation of how laboratory tests are an essential component used in the diagnosis, management, and monitoring of diseases and conditions. We will also examine the five different settings where laboratory tests are performed, the operational structure of the laboratory, and the personnel who specialize in working in a medical laboratory.

Career Options in the Medical Laboratory

This lesson will take a closer look at medical laboratory careers and examine the personal qualities and educational requirements of the people who thrive in these fields. You'll also discover the personal attributes, job responsibilities, work environment, educational requirements, salaries, and job outlook you will want to know about before pursuing this profession. We'll also examine the importance of collaborating with other members of the health-care team in providing patients with optimal care.

Medical Terminology

In this lesson, you will learn about medical terminology and the its importance in the medical laboratory. You will be able to break down medical terms by their basic elements and learn about the combining forms. You will also see commonly used abbreviations and acronyms that facilitate communication between the laboratory and medical personnel.

Core Laboratory Departments

In the Core Laboratory Departments lesson, you'll continue learning medical terminology and explore how the laboratory is organized and learn the functionality of the various departments. This lesson will provide an overview of the core, or most common, laboratory departments and the testing they perform. We'll also define the importance of correctly receiving and processing samples as they arrive into the laboratory.

Extended Laboratory Departments

In this lesson, you will learn about more departments in the laboratory and how they assist in the diagnosis of diseases and infections. The departments discussed tend to employ lab personnel that work only in one specific department. The skills and experience essential to perform the tests in these departments often take many years to obtain.

Medical Asepsis and Laboratory Safety

This lesson will give you a comprehensive look at safety in the laboratory. Several agencies dictate safe practices that health-care employees should follow. We'll explore the recommended standards that are in place to help reduce the spread of infections to keep health-care employees, patients, and visitors safe.

Basic Laboratory Equipment and Supplies

In this lesson, you will learn about the equipment used in the laboratory. Various equipment is used to collect the samples, to prepare the samples for testing, and for storage of samples. You will also examine other equipment that is used to prepare the reagents and chemicals needed for testing.

Laboratory Specimen Collection

This lesson will focus on following the pre-analytical steps to ensure that a quality specimen is collected for testing. Laboratory results are only as good as the sample collected. Learning the role of specimen collection in the overall patient-care system is crucial. You will explore the equipment used for blood collection and common problems associated with specimen collection in general.

Common Laboratory Tests

This lesson will be a refresher of lessons 4 and 5 with some added information about testing performed in various laboratory departments. These tests have been used for many years and have proven to help with diagnosis and treatment. As you progress through this lesson, you will learn more about the tests and why they are ordered.


In this lesson, you will learn more about phlebotomy and its importance to ensuring quality specimens are submitted for testing. This lesson will take a deeper look in the specimen collection process, the equipment used, the importance of collection tube order, and the pre-analytical responsibilities of the phlebotomist. Also, because phlebotomists are among the few laboratory employees who actually see a patient, you'll learn about the traits and characteristics of a good phlebotomist necessary for that interaction.

Laboratory Reports

This lesson will focus on reporting laboratory results. You will learn about electronic medical records and laboratory information systems. You will also examine the various requirements for laboratory requisitions, results reporting, and reporting critical laboratory values.

Regulations and Standards Governing the Medical Laboratory

In this lesson, you'll explore what a laboratory must demonstrate to be able to perform tests in an acceptable way. Doctors and patients must be able to trust the results. Therefore, medical laboratory testing is held to very high state and federal regulatory agency standards, so we'll take an in-depth look at some of these agencies.


Hardware Requirements:

  • This course can be taken on either a PC or Mac.

Software Requirements:

  • PC: Windows 8 or newer.
  • Mac: OS X Snow Leopard 10.6 or later.
  • Browser: The latest version of Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox are preferred. Microsoft Edge and Safari are also compatible.


  • Email capabilities and access to a personal email account.


There are no prerequisites to take this course.


About ExpertRating

ExpertRating is an ISO 9001:2015 certified company offering online certification and training services to individuals and companies globally. Over 25 million people have benefited from ExpertRating Online Certifications and assessments. ExpertRating is the winner of the Google SME Hero's award for showing outstanding use of technology in delivering trusted services to thousands of people on a daily basis. Our affordable certifications are an excellent way of demonstrating your knowledge and skills to prospective employers as well as vastly boosting your chances of moving ahead in your business or career.

Company Timeline

Since 2001

Decades of excellence

800+ Skill Tests

World’s largest test inventory

2500+ Companies

Thousands depend on use

25 Million People Tested

10 tests every minute

35 Countries Serviced

Over 1500 clients in the US

86% Reorder Rate

Satisfied clients

We deliver over 3 million online certification tests and online courses annually.


ExpertRating is a winner of the Google SME Heroes award. This award has been instituted by Google to honor IT companies that have excelled in their domain and have leveraged the internet to grow and expand their businesses in innovative ways.

ExpertRating is an ISO 9001:2015 certified company, which reflects that our courses and tests conform to the highest international quality standards. Our training material is prepared by thorough professionals with years of experience, and goes through several rounds of analysis by expert teams to help develop well-balanced, comprehensive and meaningful content.